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Written By: Betty Wilson
1878 COLT HAMMER SHOTGUN
The Colt and Parker companies mass produced high-quality double-barrel, breech-loading shotguns in the nineteenth century. While price was secondary in these guns after quality, the companies did keep the shotguns at competitive prices.
Colt advertised the 1878 Hammer Model as being made of the best materials and constructed with the best workmanship. And, not long after being introduced, the Model 1878 was winning medals.
Colt produced 22,683 Model 1878 shotguns, with serial numbers logically running from 1 to 22,683. The model 1878 was discontinued in 1889 due to stiff competition from domestic and foreign companies. Shooters had been choosing cheap prices and poor quality over the quality of he Colt Shotgun.
The standard Model 1878 was manufactured in 10 gauge and 12 gauge with 28, 30, and 32 inch barrels. A 12 gauge with 28 inch barrels weighed about 7.5 pounds.
The breech-loading shotgun with outside hammers had rolled Colt markings on the lockplates and barrel rib, hard rubber butt plates and checkering on the stock. Barrels were blued or browned with a Damascus twist.
Army officers sometimes ordered weapons on their own, and the Colt Co. gave them an incentive to buy the Model 1878 hammer shotgun or the 1883 hammerless shotgun by offering the two side-by-side double-barreled shotguns at a 25 percent discount.
I have a 10 gauge Model 1878 Colt Shotgun with outside hammers, blue Damascus barrels with the rolled Colt markings, engraving, and checkered stock. The shotgun has a letter of authenticity states it was sold to a hardware store in San Francisco in 1878.
Sources: Colt: The American Legend by R.L.Wilson, The Peacemakers by R.L. Wilson, Guns of the Wild West: Firearms of the American Frontier from 1849-1917 by George Markham, Bluebook of Gun Values by S.P. Fjestad, and a Colt Letter by the Colt Historical Society owned by Betty Wilson.
Originally Printed for the Western Writers Newsletter. Permission to reprint by Betty Wilson. For information on subscribing to the WHR Newsletter, contact WHRJulie@aol.com
Bio of Betty Wilson:
Arizona Territorial Newspaper
Apache Junction, Arizona
Wrote over a hundred feature articles for them.
Theme: Arizona Western History
Wrote for the newspaper under another Editor: Weekly Column: Guns of the West
Pinal Observer Newspaper
Apache Junction, Arizona
Weekly column: Guns & Lace
Column was partial history, information, and political
Self-Published a book called The Best of Guns & Lace, which is no longer available. I published the book mainly to compile the column and accommodate my customers at the gunshop who wanted to keep copies.
Arizona Arms Association
State of Arizona
As Secretary of the Organization, I was editor and writer of the monthly newsletter for the organization.
Apache Junction, Az.
My husband and I owned the shop until July,1997. We closed due to my husband’s disability which occurred this past summer.
Psychiatric Outpatient Clinic Nurse Registered Nurse Arizona